Best Desktop Application Testing Tools for Pros

What is a Desktop Application?

A desktop application is software that can be installed on a computer and used to accomplish a task.

Word editor, photo editor and media play allow you to do different tasks. Other desktop apps such as media player or word processor can be used for entertainment purposes only. There are a number of apps already installed on your computer when you buy a computer. Different desktop applications can be downloaded and installed from the Internet, or from software sellers.

Some of the most popular desktop applications include word processing programs such as Microsoft Word or WPS Office, which can edit textual content. There are also games applications like Minesweeper or Solitaire, which can be used to entertain. Web browsers such Internet Explorer, Chrome, Firefox, and Internet Explorer which allow you to connect to the Internet using your computer. You also have media player apps such as iTunes, Windows Media Player and VLC media players that let you create media collections, listen to music and watch movies.

Characteristics of desktop apps

These are the main characteristics of a desktop application.

  • Desktop applications are designed to work on a particular operating system, such as Windows, Mac, or Linux.
  • End-users should install updates to desktop applications. Although the updates can be found online, the actual installation process is typically done manually by the end-user.
  • Desktop applications are intended to be run in isolation, so they pose less security risks.
  • Another common feature of desktop applications is their ability to work offline.

What is Desktop Application testing?

A desktop app (app) is an application that runs in its own right within a desktop operating environment.

Desktop apps are not as accessible via web apps. They require adequate hardware resources to function. Because certain apps are designed for specific environments and configurations, they can be more difficult to control.

Desktop app testing is software testing that examines the usability, security, and stability after the app is deployed.

To fully test the app’s requirements, it is important to focus on both installation and uninstallation testing when testing desktop apps.

Desktop App Testing vs. Web App Testing

Web-based apps can be accessed from any computer with an internet connection. Desktop apps can be run on workstations or personal computers. They allow access from one machine.

This results in differences between the desktop and web app testing environments.

Desktop app testing is easier in intranets where the number and type of clients and servers can be specified. Web apps must be compatible with multiple browsers, operating systems (OS), and devices.

A desktop app can only be used by one user on a particular operating system. This allows you to monitor and test your results in a particular environment.

There are several common methods of testing desktop apps, including:

  • Functionality testing
  • GUI feature testing
  • Load testing
  • Backend (database) testing
  • Memory leaks defect testing
  • Tests for compatibility

During this time, web apps will be tested for functionality, usability and accessibility.

Our Top of The Best Desktop Application Testing Tools

This question is often asked by QAs when automating Desktop Application. Very few QAs have the opportunity to automate Desktop applications.

This post will discuss some commonly used open-source tools that can be used to automate your desktop.

The most important tools for Desktop Application Automation include

1. Winium

Winium.Desktop allows automated testing of Windows applications that are based on WinFroms or WPF platforms.

2. AutoIt

AutoIt v3 – A freeware scripting language that is similar to BASIC, designed to automate the Windows GUI and general scripting.

Although it isn’t the strongest of automated testing tools for automation, many teams integrate AutoIt and Selenium to deal with non-browser window situations in automated test workflows.

3. WinAppDriver

It is the Windows application driver for Appium that Yousef Durr, Microsoft, has developed.

Windows Application Driver provides Selenium-like UI Test Automation for Windows Applications. This service allows you to test Universal Windows Platform (UWP), Windows Presentation Foundation(WPF), Windows Forms, WinForms and Classic Windows apps on Windows 10 computers. The Windows Application Driver conforms to the JSON Wire Protocol standard, as well as some Appium-defined application management functionalities.

4. Jubula

Jubula helps you test desktop Java applications.

Jubula automates functional GUI testing of various applications. This tool is for teams that want their automated tests written by experts in the user’s perspective. It does not require any programming effort. To ensure the long-term maintenance of automated tests, Jubula uses best practices in software development.

Jubula will be an anchor point to a wider testing scope, including requirements analysis and code coverage for Java applications.

It supports Swing, SWT/RCP/GEF and JavaFX applications.

5. White Framework

Are you looking to automate WPF, Silverlight or Win32 client applications? The White framework may be the right automation framework for your needs.

White is an open source library from Test Stack. It is similar to CodedUI but has a narrower scope. It only targets desktop applications and not Web applications. Both CodedUI as well as White are based upon the UI Automation Library for Microsoft.

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SikuliX is a desktop computer software that automates anything you see on your screen. It can run Windows, Mac, or any Linux/Unix. SikuliX uses OpenCV image recognition to identify and control GUI components.

6. Oracle Application Testing Suite

Do you want to test Oracle-based applications?

Oracle Application Testing Suite provides a complete, integrated testing solution for Web Applications, Web Services, and packaged Oracle Applications.

Oracle Application Testing Suite (OATS), a collection of integrated products, includes Oracle Functional Testing for regression testing Web applications and Oracle Load Testing to test performance of Oracle packaged solutions.

The integrated solution covers all aspects of the lifecycle, allowing you to manage and define your application testing process, validate your application functionality, and ensure that your applications perform well under load. Application Testing Suite makes it easy to deploy Web services and Web applications in a shorter time frame while increasing the efficiency of your testing staff.

7. Pywinauto

Are you passionate about Python and want to automate Windows desktop apps? You should check out pywinauto.

It is a GUI automation library written entirely in Python, and optimized for Windows GUI. It allows you to send keyboard and mouse actions to dialogs on Windows and Linux. However, more complex text-based actions can only be supported on Windows (Linux AT SPI support is in development).

MS UI Automation (UIA), WinForms support has been added to the latest version. This includes WinForms and WPF browsers. Qt browsers are also supported. Store apps-based tests are also available.